Basic Comparison of Formative Assessment and Summative Assessment

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School-based assessment [Pentaksiran Bilik Darjah (PBD)] is an assessment approach that involves the process of COLLECTING INFORMATION about pupils' progress, planning, implementation and reporting by respective teachers.
There are two types of school-based assessment to be carried out in schools:
  1. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENTS
  2. SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENTS

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT is conducted as an ON-GOING PROCESS, while SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT is conducted at the end of a term.
This process is CONTINUOUS and can be either FORMALLY or INFORMALLY implemented in determining pupils' LEVEL OF PERFORMANCE [Tahap Penguasaan (TP)].


FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT (To assess the effectiveness of the teachers' teaching method)

 Carried out by teachers to gain immediate feedback on their pupils learning process and provide them with the necessary information so that they can make changes in their teaching.
 Thus, formative assessment is carried out during the teaching and learning process and pupils achievement levels are recorded and reported every quarterly.
 Various method of assessment such as checklists, observations, oral presentations, quizzes, questions and answer, task sheets or written assignment can be used to document the attainment of the Learning Standards.
 Through this process, teachers will be able to build a profile of their pupils' language development through on-going assessment.

🔴 SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT (to assess the pupils achievement)

 to aim at determining whether and to what degree pupils have learnt what they are expected to learn at the end of an instructional period
 The summative assessment can also be utilised as part of school improvement efforts to help teachers determine whether pupils are making adequate academic progress or meeting LEARNING STANDARDS.

💠 In order to help teachers implement effective school-based assessment (PBD), the assessment elements has been incorporated in DSKP together with the Content and Learning Standard.
💠 Teachers should refer to Performance Standard to help them ascertain the level of their pupils' understanding and acquisition of the skills taught.
💠 With this knowledge, teachers may change their approach or strategy to help their pupils master the intended LEARNING STANDARD.
✳️ Source: Dokumen Standard Kurikulum dan Pentaksiran Bahasa Inggeris

🔰 PERFORMANCE STANDARD
- Refer to the six (6) levels of pupils' progress in the acquisition of the four skills:
  1. LISTENING
  2. SPEAKING
  3. READING
  4. WRITING
 Teachers can diagnose the learning strengths and weaknesses, measure pupils' progress against the teaching and learning objectives, then review, re-strategies and modify their teaching to enhance pupils' learning.
 Below are the samples of Performance Standard Guide for all skills in Year 1

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